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Diamond Symbol Diamond Symbolism and Elemental Alchemy VideoThe Symbol of the Diamond
Moreover, the diamond symbol appears to be an emblem of perfection and purity, of invincible spiritual power. Also, as it is known, the diamond symbol is the stone of faithfulness, commitment, or a promise between the relationship of husband and wife.
The diamond icon also serves riches, unconquerable, intellectual knowledge, along with treasures. It is worth noting that the significance of the love that a diamond symbol is considered to be representing, and also the fact that it touches the skin of a human for example, as an accessory , means that the diamonds become imbued along with the humans' memories, and are a direct physical link within the generations.
Furthermore, it is known that the diamonds have come mainly to symbolize commitment and love, as mentioned earlier. For instance, in the past, rings were produced without gemstones.
But these days, engagement and wedding rings are frequently set along with diamonds. Hence, you would have a difficult time finding a wedding or an engagement ring that did not consist of a real diamond or even a similar alternative.
Metaphysically speaking, this foundational image tells of creativity that is expressed by the culmination of the four elements: Four sides indicating earth, fire, air, and water.
I hope you have enjoyed these diamond symbols and thoughts on the diamond symbol meaning and triangle symbol cousins. As always, thanks for reading!
The diamond is a prominent symbol in ancient alchemy. It represents many of the meanings mentioned in this article, but in alchemy, the diamond takes on a unique shine.
Learn more about the diamond as an alchemy symbol here. At its simplest, the meaning of sacred geometry deals with common denominating structures found in all things.
From the cells in our bodies to the stars in the sky. Get more about basics on the meaning of sacred geometry here. From diamonds to sapphires, gems sparkle in your astrology signs.
This article lists gemstone meanings for all 12 zodiac signs. Get your gemstone zodiac sign meaning here. August 11, September 29, June 25, September 29, Main article: Lozenge heraldry.
Main article: Throat lozenge. National flag of Belarus with sown field pattern. Ace of diamonds. Diamond vault in German architecture.
Retrieved Folk dress in Europe and Anatolia: beliefs about protection and fertility. Berg Publishers. The early Phrygian pottery. Science Press.
The Poetics of Gardens. The MIT Press. Columbia University. Coded Character Sets, History and Development. The Systems Programming Series 1 ed.
Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. United States Department of Transportation. Department for Transport.
Archived from the original on Galileo International LLC. And if you are using Windows, simply press down the Alt key and type 4 using the numeric keypad on the right side of your keyboard.
The table below contains everything you need to know to be able to type this symbol on both Windows and Mac. As you may already know, there are several dual-purpose keys on the keyboard for both Windows and Mac.
That is to say that there are symbols readily available as second keys on the keyboard. Just by pressing two or more keys simultaneously, you can easily insert such symbols into your work.
In diamond they are sp 3 and the atoms form tetrahedra with each bound to four nearest neighbors. Thus, graphite is much softer than diamond.
However, the stronger bonds make graphite less flammable. Diamonds have been adapted for many uses because of the material's exceptional physical characteristics.
Of all known substances, it is the hardest and least compressible. It has the highest thermal conductivity and the highest sound velocity.
It has low adhesion and friction, and its coefficient of thermal expansion is extremely low. Its optical transparency extends from the far infrared to the deep ultraviolet and it has high optical dispersion.
It also has high electrical resistance. It is chemically inert, not reacting with most corrosive substances, and has excellent biological compatibility.
The equilibrium pressure and temperature conditions for a transition between graphite and diamond are well established theoretically and experimentally.
The pressure changes linearly between 1. Above the triple point, the melting point of diamond increases slowly with increasing pressure; but at pressures of hundreds of GPa, it decreases.
The extreme conditions required for this to occur are present in the gas giants of Neptune and Uranus. Both planets are made up of approximately 10 percent carbon and could hypothetically contain oceans of liquid carbon.
Since large quantities of metallic fluid can affect the magnetic field, this could serve as an explanation as to why the geographic and magnetic poles of the two planets are unaligned.
The most common crystal structure of diamond is called diamond cubic. It is formed of unit cells see the figure stacked together.
Although there are 18 atoms in the figure, each corner atom is shared by eight unit cells and each atom in the center of a face is shared by two, so there are a total of eight atoms per unit cell.
Diamonds can also form an ABAB Diamonds occur most often as euhedral or rounded octahedra and twinned octahedra known as macles.
As diamond's crystal structure has a cubic arrangement of the atoms, they have many facets that belong to a cube , octahedron, rhombicosidodecahedron , tetrakis hexahedron or disdyakis dodecahedron.
The crystals can have rounded off and unexpressive edges and can be elongated. Diamonds especially those with rounded crystal faces are commonly found coated in nyf , an opaque gum-like skin.
Some diamonds have opaque fibers. They are referred to as opaque if the fibers grow from a clear substrate or fibrous if they occupy the entire crystal.
Their colors range from yellow to green or gray, sometimes with cloud-like white to gray impurities. Their most common shape is cuboidal, but they can also form octahedra, dodecahedra, macles or combined shapes.
The structure is the result of numerous impurities with sizes between 1 and 5 microns. These diamonds probably formed in kimberlite magma and sampled the volatiles.
Diamonds can also form polycrystalline aggregates. There have been attempts to classify them into groups with names such as boart , ballas , stewartite and framesite, but there is no widely accepted set of criteria.
There are many theories for its origin, including formation in a star, but no consensus. Diamond is the hardest known natural material on both the Vickers scale and the Mohs scale.
Diamond's great hardness relative to other materials has been known since antiquity, and is the source of its name. This does not mean that it is infinitely hard, indestructible, or unscratchable.
The hardness of diamond contributes to its suitability as a gemstone. Because it can only be scratched by other diamonds, it maintains its polish extremely well.
Unlike many other gems, it is well-suited to daily wear because of its resistance to scratching—perhaps contributing to its popularity as the preferred gem in engagement or wedding rings , which are often worn every day.
These diamonds are generally small, perfect to semiperfect octahedra, and are used to polish other diamonds. Their hardness is associated with the crystal growth form, which is single-stage crystal growth.
Most other diamonds show more evidence of multiple growth stages, which produce inclusions, flaws, and defect planes in the crystal lattice, all of which affect their hardness.
It is possible to treat regular diamonds under a combination of high pressure and high temperature to produce diamonds that are harder than the diamonds used in hardness gauges.
Somewhat related to hardness is another mechanical property toughness , which is a material's ability to resist breakage from forceful impact.
The toughness of natural diamond has been measured as 7. As with any material, the macroscopic geometry of a diamond contributes to its resistance to breakage.
Diamond has a cleavage plane and is therefore more fragile in some orientations than others. Diamond cutters use this attribute to cleave some stones, prior to faceting.
Usually, attempting to deform bulk diamond crystal by tension or bending results in brittle fracture. Other specialized applications also exist or are being developed, including use as semiconductors : some blue diamonds are natural semiconductors, in contrast to most diamonds, which are excellent electrical insulators.
The conductivity and blue color originate from boron impurity. Boron substitutes for carbon atoms in the diamond lattice, donating a hole into the valence band.
Substantial conductivity is commonly observed in nominally undoped diamond grown by chemical vapor deposition. This conductivity is associated with hydrogen-related species adsorbed at the surface, and it can be removed by annealing or other surface treatments.
A paper reported that extremely thin needles of diamond can be made to vary their electrical resistance from the normal 5.
Diamonds are naturally lipophilic and hydrophobic , which means the diamonds' surface cannot be wet by water, but can be easily wet and stuck by oil.
This property can be utilized to extract diamonds using oil when making synthetic diamonds. However, when diamond surfaces are chemically modified with certain ions, they are expected to become so hydrophilic that they can stabilize multiple layers of water ice at human body temperature.
The surface of diamonds is partially oxidized. The oxidized surface can be reduced by heat treatment under hydrogen flow. That is to say, this heat treatment partially removes oxygen-containing functional groups.
The structure gradually changes into sp 2 C above this temperature. Thus, diamonds should be reduced under this temperature. At room temperature, diamonds do not react with any chemical reagents including strong acids and bases.
It increases in temperature from red to white heat and burns with a pale blue flame, and continues to burn after the source of heat is removed.
By contrast, in air the combustion will cease as soon as the heat is removed because the oxygen is diluted with nitrogen. A clear, flawless, transparent diamond is completely converted to carbon dioxide; any impurities will be left as ash.
Jewelers must be careful when molding the metal in a diamond ring. Consequently, pyrotechnic compositions based on synthetic diamond powder can be prepared.
The resulting sparks are of the usual red-orange color, comparable to charcoal, but show a very linear trajectory which is explained by their high density.
Diamond has a wide bandgap of 5. This means that pure diamond should transmit visible light and appear as a clear colorless crystal. Colors in diamond originate from lattice defects and impurities.
The diamond crystal lattice is exceptionally strong, and only atoms of nitrogen , boron and hydrogen can be introduced into diamond during the growth at significant concentrations up to atomic percents.
Transition metals nickel and cobalt , which are commonly used for growth of synthetic diamond by high-pressure high-temperature techniques, have been detected in diamond as individual atoms; the maximum concentration is 0.
Virtually any element can be introduced to diamond by ion implantation. Nitrogen is by far the most common impurity found in gem diamonds and is responsible for the yellow and brown color in diamonds.
Boron is responsible for the blue color. Plastic deformation is the cause of color in some brown  and perhaps pink and red diamonds.
Colored diamonds contain impurities or structural defects that cause the coloration, while pure or nearly pure diamonds are transparent and colorless.
Most diamond impurities replace a carbon atom in the crystal lattice , known as a carbon flaw. The most common impurity, nitrogen, causes a slight to intense yellow coloration depending upon the type and concentration of nitrogen present.
Diamonds of a different color, such as blue, are called fancy colored diamonds and fall under a different grading scale. In , the Wittelsbach Diamond , a Diamonds cut glass, but this does not positively identify a diamond because other materials, such as quartz, also lie above glass on the Mohs scale and can also cut it.
Diamonds can scratch other diamonds, but this can result in damage to one or both stones. Hardness tests are infrequently used in practical gemology because of their potentially destructive nature.
Diamonds also possess an extremely high refractive index and fairly high dispersion. Taken together, these factors affect the overall appearance of a polished diamond and most diamantaires still rely upon skilled use of a loupe magnifying glass to identify diamonds "by eye".
Diamonds are extremely rare, with concentrations of at most parts per billion in source rock. Loose diamonds are also found along existing and ancient shorelines , where they tend to accumulate because of their size and density.
Most diamonds come from the Earth's mantle , and most of this section discusses those diamonds. However, there are other sources.
Some blocks of the crust, or terranes , have been buried deep enough as the crust thickened so they experienced ultra-high-pressure metamorphism.
These have evenly distributed microdiamonds that show no sign of transport by magma. In addition, when meteorites strike the ground, the shock wave can produce high enough temperatures and pressures for microdiamonds and nanodiamonds to form.
A common misconception is that diamonds are formed from highly compressed coal. Coal is formed from buried prehistoric plants, and most diamonds that have been dated are far older than the first land plants.
It is possible that diamonds can form from coal in subduction zones , but diamonds formed in this way are rare, and the carbon source is more likely carbonate rocks and organic carbon in sediments, rather than coal.
Diamonds are far from evenly distributed over the Earth. A rule of thumb known as Clifford's rule states that they are almost always found in kimberlites on the oldest part of cratons , the stable cores of continents with typical ages of 2.
The Argyle diamond mine in Australia , the largest producer of diamonds by weight in the world, is located in a mobile belt , also known as an orogenic belt ,  a weaker zone surrounding the central craton that has undergone compressional tectonics.
Instead of kimberlite, the host rock is lamproite. Lamproites with diamonds that are not economically viable are also found in the United States, India and Australia.
Kimberlites can be found in narrow 1 to 4 meters dikes and sills, and in pipes with diameters that range from about 75 m to 1.
Fresh rock is dark bluish green to greenish gray, but after exposure rapidly turns brown and crumbles. They are a mixture of xenocrysts and xenoliths minerals and rocks carried up from the lower crust and mantle , pieces of surface rock, altered minerals such as serpentine , and new minerals that crystallized during the eruption.
The texture varies with depth. The composition forms a continuum with carbonatites , but the latter have too much oxygen for carbon to exist in a pure form.
Instead, it is locked up in the mineral calcite Ca C O 3. All three of the diamond-bearing rocks kimberlite, lamproite and lamprophyre lack certain minerals melilite and kalsilite that are incompatible with diamond formation.
In kimberlite, olivine is large and conspicuous, while lamproite has Ti- phlogopite and lamprophyre has biotite and amphibole.
They are all derived from magma types that erupt rapidly from small amounts of melt, are rich in volatiles and magnesium oxide , and are less oxidizing than more common mantle melts such as basalt.
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